csm Climate Migration Slider 5e67686692
سليمان ايت علي
باحث في القانون العام و العلوم السياسية
جامعة القاضي عياض، مراكش، المغرب.


يتناول هذا المقال قضية اللاجئين البيئيين من منظور القانون الدولي والتحديات التي تواجه هذه الفئة المعرضة للتهجير بسبب التغيرات المناخية. يتناول المقال أيضًا مستوى الاعتراف القانوني بحالة اللجوء البيئي وحماية اللاجئين البيئيين على الساحة الدولية.

من خلال الاستعراض الأدبي، يلقي المقال الضوء على الأبحاث والأدبيات التي تركز على دراسة اللجوء البيئي والتأثيرات المحتملة للتغيرات المناخية على التنقل والهجرة. يُظهر المقال أن هناك تأكيدًا على وجود علاقة وثيقة بين التغيرات المناخية والهجرة.

وفي الختام، يشير المقال إلى أن هناك هشاشة في الأطُر القانونية المتعلقة بالاعتراف والحماية الدولية للأفراد الذين يتعرضون للتهجير بسبب التغيرات المناخية. تُظهر هذه الهشاشة الحاجة الملحة إلى تعزيز الإطار القانوني لتلبية احتياجات وحقوق اللاجئين البيئيين وضمان حمايتهم في ظل التحديات المتزايدة المتعلقة بالبيئة والمناخ.

الكلمات المفتاحية: لاجئون بيئيون، قانون اللجوء، التغيرات المناخية، الحماية الدولية، هجرة بيئية، التحديات القانونية


Soulaymane AIT ALI
PhD student in  in public law and political science
Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco


This article addresses the issue of environmental refugees from the perspective of international law and the challenges facing this group exposed to displacement due to climate change. The article also examines the level of legal recognition of environmental refugees and the protection of such refugees on the international stage.

Through the literature review, the article highlights the research and literature that focus on the study of environmental refuge and the potential effects of climate change on migration and displacement. The article demonstrates a close relationship between climate change and migration.

In conclusion, the article points out the fragility of the legal frameworks related to the recognition and international protection of individuals who are displaced due to climate change. This fragility underscores the urgent need to enhance the legal framework to meet the needs and rights of environmental refugees and ensure their protection amid the increasing environmental and climate-related challenges.

Keywords: environmental refugees, asylum law, climate change, international protection, environmental migration, legal challenges.

لائحة المراجع   


 المنظمة الدولية للهجرة، تقرير الهجرة لعام 2020.

المفوضية السامية للأمم المتحدة لشؤون اللاجئين، اتفاقية الأمم المتحدة لعام 1951 الخاصة بوضع اللاجئين.


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Abdessalam Jaldi and Amal El Ouassif. (2022). Research Paper, Climate Refugees: A Major Challenge of International Community and Africa, Rabat: Policy Center for the New South, Rabat: Policy Center for the New South.

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